2012年6月9日 星期六 19：30
Saturday, 9 Jun 2012, 7:30pm
Excellent Youth Orchestras from USA (1)
Concert by the St. Olaf Orchestra
Ticket price：480、280、180、80 Yuan
The St. Olaf Orchestra（圣.奥拉夫交响乐团）
圣·奥拉夫交响乐团起源于1906年，由挪威小提琴家F. Melius Christiansen先生创立，Christiansen先生后来成为著名的合唱指挥家。
圣·奥拉夫交响乐团后在指挥Donald Berglund先生以及弦乐教育家Beatrix Lien先生的领导，发展成一个优秀的乐团。现任指挥Steven Amundson先生1981年开始指棒圣.奥拉夫交响乐团在他的领导下，乐团发展成美国顶级的大学乐团之一。
圣·奥拉夫交响乐团在全国乃至世界范围内都享有一定声誉的乐团。时代杂志的Richard Ostling先生认为该乐团代表了美国大学乐团的最高水平，Kosice，Slovakia的国际音乐节评委对乐团给予了高度的评价”乐团的演出表现出了令人难忘的水准和热情，独奏演员技艺超群，乐团各部音色和谐均衡，节奏技巧高超，对各方面的把握都做到了难以置信的优雅和准确。”Musica en Alcala对乐团2008年在西班牙的演出评论说”这群来自美国的乐手表现了完全平衡的音色，无可挑剔的节奏。他们的音乐水准会令西班牙任何一个乐团羡慕。”
The 92-member St. Olaf Orchestra is one of the premier ensembles at St. Olaf College, a four-year college of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America known for its excellence in music. Recognized both nationally and internationally, the St. Olaf Orchestra strives for the highest professional standards.
Richard Ostling of Time magazine said, “I’ve always known about the great St. Olaf Choir, but when I tuned into the St. Olaf Christmas Festival (on National Public Television) I was astonished by the music of the St. Olaf Orchestra. It has to be one of the best college orchestras in the nation.”
The St. Olaf Orchestra dates back before 1906, when it was guided by F. Melius Christiansen, the well-known founding conductor of the St. Olaf Choir. A European-trained violinist, he once remarked that “you cannot make a symphony orchestra on a college campus,” as very few string players came to college with much formal instruction. Times have changed! Many students now have years of private lessons and performing experience.
A good deal of credit for the unusual depth of St. Olaf’s orchestra program belongs to two talented faculty members whose combined careers at St. Olaf spanned 77 years. Violin professor Beatrix Lien, a St. Olaf alumna, began teaching at St. Olaf in 1934 with seven upper strings students. In 1946, Donald Berglund was called upon to lead the modest-sized orchestra.
In 1949, with no financial assistance from the college, the ensemble undertook its first tour. Through persistence, patience, hard work, and a caring attitude, Berglund and Lien lifted the orchestra to remarkable heights by the time they retired in the late 1970s.
The St. Olaf Orchestra has continued its annual tours to the present day, usually under the auspices of Allied Concerts, the second largest community concert series in the United States. The orchestra is one of Allied’s most popular community concert events.
A second orchestra was started in 1976 to accommodate the college’s growing numbers of string players. The St. Olaf Philharmonia now has 80 members, and more than 120 string players currently take private lessons at St. Olaf.
In addition to its annual tours of the United States, the St. Olaf Orchestra has performed in Scandinavia and central and eastern Europe. It has appeared in some of Europe’s finest concert halls and performed with some of the world’s most noted conductors and artists. The orchestra has also been featured at national, regional, and state-wide conventions and on National Public Radio.
In 1985, Robert Shaw conducted the St. Olaf Orchestra and choirs in a performance of J.S. Bach’s Passion According to St. Matthew. In 1987, the St. Olaf Orchestra joined renowned pianist Leon Fleisher in a performance of Ravel’s Concerto for the Left Hand. Reviewing that performance for the Twin Cities’ Star Tribune, Michael Anthony wrote: “Amundson led a superbly-trained college orchestra... The brasses play with bright, fully-rounded tone, never forcing the climazes; the woodwinds are clear and precise, and the strings... are flexible, evenly-balanced, and warm-toned.”
British composer-conductor Sir David Willcocks conducted the orchestra during a visit in the fall of 1991. Afterwards he wrote: “I was struck by the excellent playing of the orchestra, whose members were not only technically assured but were exceptionally musical and responsive.”
In 1996, the St. Olaf Orchestra was awarded the “Meritorious Orchestra Program” by the Minnesota chapter of the American String Teachers’ Association.
Under Amundson’s direction, the St. Olaf Orchestra has successfully performed demanding scores seldom attempted by amateur groups, including Mahler’s Symphony No. 2, Stravinsky’s Petrouschka and Rite of Spring, Ravel’s La Valse, and tone poems by Richard Strauss. The orchestra has also premiered several new compositions in recent years.
In the summer of 1998, the St. Olaf Orchestra embarked on its fourth European tour under Amundson’s direction, featuring concerts in some of the leading halls in Austria, Hungary, and Slovakia.
任圣·奥拉夫大学的教授和圣·奥拉夫交响乐团的指挥至今已29年，他是明尼苏达大都市乐团的发起人。1984到1997年间，曾任Bloomington Symphony的音乐指导和指挥，是许多音乐节争相邀请的客座指。他还为the Duluth-Superior Symphony Orchestra，the Fargo-Moorhead Symphony，the Minneapolis Pops和the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra等专业交响乐团担任指挥。
Amundson先生也是作曲家，他的作品为MMB Music和the Neil A. Kjos Music Co.两家音乐出版社发行。他的交响乐作品被美国，加拿大，欧洲和亚洲的专业，城市和大学交响乐团演出500余次。他的作品”天使舞蹈”被休士顿交响乐团2003年的圣诞唱片收录。
奥地利莫扎特音乐学院学习，从师于著名指挥家Maurice Abravanel，Milan Horvat和Erich Leinsdorf在1980年莫扎特音乐学院和奥地利国家电台联合主办的国际指挥比赛中，他获得头奖。1992年，明尼苏达州音乐教育协会评选他为年度最佳音乐教育家。1995年，他获得路得大学为表彰他在音乐方面成就而颁发的Carlo A. Sperati 奖。
Steven Amundson is in his 28th year on the faculty of St. Olaf College where he is Professor of Music and Conductor of the St. Olaf Orchestra. He also teaches courses in music theory, ear training and conducting, and conducts the Philharmonia. Before his arrival to Minnesota, Amundson held conducting posts at the University of Virginia, Tacoma Community College, and as Music Director of the Tacoma Youth Symphony. He is the also founding conductor of the Twin Cities' based Metropolitan Symphony that he led for five years, and served as Music Director and Conductor of the Bloomington (MN) Symphony from 1984 – 1997. He has held posts on the conducting faculty for the Interlochen National Arts Camp, the Lutheran Summer Music Program and has served as guest conductor for many All-State orchestra festivals throughout the United States. In Minnesota, Amundson has appeared as guest conductor with the Duluth-Superior Symphony Orchestra, the Fargo-Moorhead Symphony, the Minneapolis Pops Orchestra and the St. Paul Chamber Orchestra.
A commissioned composer and arranger, Amundson is published by MMB Music and the Neil A. Kjos Music Co. His self-published compositions are available through Tempo Music Resource. His orchestral works have received over 400 performances by university, civic and professional orchestras in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Asia including the Chicago, Cincinnati, Detroit, Dallas, Houston, San Diego, Toronto and BBC Symphonies.
A 1977 graduate of Luther College, Amundson obtained the Master of Music degree in orchestral conducting from Northwestern University, and did further studies at the University of Virginia, the Aspen Music School and the Mozarteum in Salzburg, Austria. In the 1980 International Conducting Competition hosted by the Mozarteum and Austrian National Radio, Amundson won the first (Hans Häring) prize. In 1992, the Minnesota Music Education Association named him "Minnesota Orchestra Educator of the Year." In 1995, Amundson received the Carlo A. Sperati Award from Luther College in recognition of his meritorious achievement in the field of music.
Leonard Bernstein| Overture to Candide
Georges Hüe| Fantasie
Christopher Rouse| Flute Concerto -- V. Amhran
Samuel Barber| Medea's Dance of Vengeance
Dmitri Shostakovich| Symphony No. 5 in D Minor, Op. 47
第一乐章，中板——从容的快板 I. Plate -- Allegro moderato
第二乐章，稍快板 II. Allegretto
第三乐章，最缓板 III. Largo
第四乐章，不太快的快板 IV. Allegro non troppo
返场：刘铁山、茅沅| 瑶族舞曲 Dance of the Yao
"Overture to Candide" by Leonard Bernstein
Candide is an operetta with music composed by Leonard Bernstein, based on the novella of the same name by Voltaire. The operetta was first performed in 1956 with a libretto by Lillian Hellman; but since 1974 it has been generally performed with a book by Hugh Wheeler which is more faithful to Voltaire's novel. The primary lyricist was the poet Richard Wilbur. Other contributors to the text were John Latouche, Dorothy Parker, Lillian Hellman, Stephen Sondheim, Leonard Bernstein, John Mauceri, and John Wells. Maurice Peress and Hershy Kay contributed orchestrations. Although unsuccessful at its premiere, Candide has now overcome the unenthusiastic reaction of early audiences and critics and achieved enormous popularity. It is very popular among major music schools as a student show because of the quality of its music and the opportunities it offers to student singers.
“老实人”是伦纳德•伯恩斯坦根据伏尔泰的同名中篇小说创作的歌剧。1956年首 演时用的是莉莲•海尔曼的剧本。但自1974年以来，一般是用休•惠勒  的剧本， 因为它更忠实于伏尔泰的小说。主要作词的是诗人理查德•威尔伯。文本的其他贡 献者约翰.拿投其. 多萝西•帕克，莉莲•海尔曼，斯蒂芬•桑德海姆，伯恩斯坦， 约翰.毛塞瑞，和约翰•韦尔斯。老实人虽然首演不成功，但现在已经克服了早期 的观众和评论家的冷淡反应，取得了很大成功并大受欢迎。因为它音乐本身的质 量和特点, 该剧经常被各音乐学院做选为学生演出剧目。
Flute Concerto -- V. Amhran by Christopher Rouse
"Medea's Dance of Vengeance" by Samuel Barber
Medea's Dance of Vengeance is a composition (Opus 23a) by the American composer Samuel Barber derived from his earlier ballet suite Medea. Barber first created a seven movement concert suite from this ballet (Medea, Op.23), and five years later reduced this concert suite down to a single-movement concert piece using what he felt to be the strongest portions of the work. He originally titled it Medea's Meditation and Dance of Vengeance, but shortly before his death, he changed the title to simply Medea's Dance of Vengeance.
美狄亚的复仇舞蹈是从美国作曲家塞缪尔•巴伯的早期芭蕾组曲美狄亚（作品 23A）中派生出来的。作曲家首先从这个芭蕾舞组曲中创作了一个七个乐章的套曲，五年后，他将七个乐章减少到一个乐章，只保留了原作中最精彩的部分。他最初将乐曲命名为美狄亚复仇的沉思和舞蹈，但他去世前不久，他将标题改成美狄 亚的复仇之舞。
美狄亚的复仇舞蹈于1956年2月2日由纽约爱乐乐团首演. 迪米特里•米特罗普洛 斯的指挥。
"Symphony No. 5 in D Minor, Op. 47" by Dmitri Shostakovich
Synopsis: Symphony No. 5 was composed in 1937 and was pemiered in Leningrad the same year in November. “Fifth Symphony"’s large-scale, distinctive style, share the same spirit with Beethoven. Therefore the symphony is also often likened to the "Symphony of Destiny" or as "new symphony of Beethoven style. Although the direct concept of the symphony is considered to be "the setting of humanity”, but the symphony iteself does not have a title.
The symphony is approximately 45 minutes in length and has four movements:
This bold-beating theme is reminiscent of Beethoven's fugue theme. Cello and double bass play the gloomy and guarded theme.
The second movement is the traditional scherzo movement. The bass strings have launched the rapid theme that is answered by woodwind with the stunning French horn inserting from time to time.
This is the most pure movement in the whole symphony. All brass instruments are silent Only string instruments are used to demonstrate a soft and moving melody line. Part treatment is simple but the effect is fresh and transparent throughout. The subtle orchestration The Chamber music-like subtle orchestration reflects Shostakovich's unique compositional style.
IV. Allegro non troppo第四乐章，不太快的快板。
This movement, The violent timpani starts this movement. Then the trumpet, trombone and tuba play a series of thunderous rondo refrain, with a volcanic eruption-like intensity.